Investing in India’s financial sector can be attracting, especially when it comes to understanding core investment companies (CICs). These entities hold a unique position in the Indian financial system, primarily focusing on investments in shares, debentures, bonds, loans, or advances to group companies. This blog will provide a detailed overview of what CICs are, their regulatory framework, and their role in India’s economy.

What is a Core Investment Company?

A Core Investment Company is a non-banking financial company (NBFC) that primarily deals with assets and investments in shares for holding stake in group companies. It's a specialized NBFC, not involved in trading or other commercial activities, except through its subsidiaries. According to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), a CIC should have at least 90% of its total assets in the form of investment in equity shares, preference shares, debt or loans in group companies. Additionally, its investment in equity shares (including instruments convertible into equity within a period not exceeding 10 years from the date of issue) in group companies  are made up of at least 60% of its total assets.

Regulatory Framework

The regulation of Core Investment Companies in India is under the aegis of the Reserve Bank of India. The RBI categorizes CICs based on their size and the nature of their activities. The regulatory framework is designed to ensure that these entities maintain adequate capital and limit excessive risk-taking, considering they are significantly exposed to fluctuations in the financial markets.

Types of CICs

CICs-ND-SI (Non-Deposit taking-Systemically Important)

These are CICs with asset size of ₹500 crore and above, and they are required to register with the RBI. They are considered systemically important because their size and activities could have a more pronounced impact on the financial system if they were to experience distress.

Other CICs:

Those with an asset size below ₹500 crore do not need to register with the RBI but must follow a few sensible guidelines.

Capital Requirements and Other Regulations

CICs-ND-SI must maintain a minimum Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) of 30% of their risk-weighted assets. They are also subject to restrictions on investments and loans to limit their exposure to certain risks. For instance, a CIC-ND-SI cannot invest more than 10% of its owned funds in the equity shares of any single group company, including its subsidiaries.

Integrating Investment Companies like Fx Lotus

While traditionally not categorized as a Core Investment Company, platforms like Fx Lotus extend the concept of investment through their operations in forex markets. Although Fx Lotus primarily deals with forex investment, their approach shares similarities with CICs in that they focus on channeling funds into profitable venues, much like CICs invest strategically in group companies. This parallel allows us to understand the broader spectrum of investment companies operating in India, expanding beyond traditional boundaries.

Role and Importance in the Indian Economy

CICs play a important role in the Indian economy by channeling funds into companies within the same group, facilitating industry growth and financial stability. They often act as the financial powerhouses for their group, providing strategic investment that drives growth and expansion. By investing in both listed and unlisted securities of their group companies, CICs support these entities in achieving their long-term business goals.

Challenges Faced by CICs

  • Regulatory Compliance: Keeping up with the stringent regulatory requirements set by the RBI can be demanding.
  • Risk Concentration: High exposure to group companies can be risky, especially if the companies face financial distress.
  • Market Volatility: Changes in market conditions can significantly affect the value of their investments.


Core Investment Companies play a vital role in India's financial sector by fostering group company growth through strategic investments. Recognizing companies like Fx Lotus in this context highlights the diversity of investment opportunities available in India's dynamic market. Understanding both traditional and modern investment entities provides a comprehensive view of how to navigate and benefit from India's rich financial landscape.

This guide not only aims to explain the setup and function of CICs but also to expand the understanding of investment opportunities in India, encouraging a broader perspective on potential financial engagements.

If you found this article helpful, you should check out some of the other articles below


If you like this post and want to share the same with your friends you may follow us on our social media accounts on InstagramTwitter, and Facebook

All Comments

No Comments